Care of rubber flower plant
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Gardening Help Search. Grow as a houseplant in St. Easily grown in a soil-based potting mix. Site indoors in bright indirect light or part shade with protection from afternoon sun. Water regularly during the growing season.
WATCH RELATED VIDEO: 10 Types of Rubber Plant / Ficus Elastica Varieties Including Care TipsContent:
- We Know Flowers - St. Louis #1 Florist
- How to Care for and Grow Your Pink Rubber Tree
- How to grow rubber plant
- Types of Rubber Plants – How to Care For Rubber Tree Varieties
- How to Take Care of a Rubber Tree
- Ficus elastica (Rubber Plant / Rubber Tree)
We Know Flowers - St. Louis #1 Florist
Its gorgeous, uniformly large, waxy leaves and amazing colors — variegated green and white, burgundy, nearly black — will beckon you to touch them. We link to vendors to help you find relevant products. If you buy from one of our links, we may earn a commission. Rubber tree is in the Moraceae family, and belongs to the Ficus genus, also known as the fig-bearers.
Somehow, they manage to be beautiful, tough, and graceful, all at the same time. This plant has been known as a symbol of good luck and good fortune; will it be lucky for you? Get ready to learn all about the rubber tree! Sometimes called rubber fig or rubber bush, in its native environment, this tree can grow over feet tall, branching and sprawling through the forest freely, creating shelter for animals and humans alike.
The latex, or milky sap, that bleeds from the bark when punctured, was once tapped and processed to make rubber. This type of rubber is now obsolete, replaced by that of the Amazonian rubber tree, H. Rubber tree sap will readily spill if the bark is damaged or if limbs or leaves are broken, and should be handled with caution. Not only can it irritate skin, it can be toxic to house pets such as cats and dogs as well, and stains nearly anything it comes in contact with.
The second most historically common purpose for the rubber tree was its use as a material for living bridges. These astounding bridges were created by training the roots of the trees to grow along fallen logs that were placed across ravines and rivers. Roots of the plant are extraordinarily tough and highly flexible, so these bridges sometimes survived for hundreds of years. Rubber tree is also known as a banyan plant, a part of the epiphyte or strangler fig family.
When given ideal growing conditions, this plant can overtake an area with buttressed roots that spread for hundreds of feet in some instances. Some specimens of banyan figs have been known to grow so large that they were used as makeshift temples for religious ceremonies in their native region.
This cousin to the beloved fiddle-leaf fig is commonly chosen as a part of modern decor for its structured growth habit and eye-catching focal interest.
As previously mentioned, this plant is such a prolific grower that it sometimes only needs to be pruned and repotted, rooting at will. Plant Repotting Square Mat. You can find a nice selection of potting mats on Amazon. If you happen to know someone who has a rubber tree in their home, you could ask them for a clipping the next time they prune the plant back.
The best time of year to take cuttings is late spring or early summer, when the plant is actively growing. A pruned branch need only be about six inches long, however, be sure the cutting has at least three to four leaf nodes for best results.
Nodes are the places along the stems of the plant where leaves grow, but when these are covered with soil, they will root instead. The first method is to simply dip the open end of the cutting in a powdered rooting hormone and place it in water.
This method is moderately successful for most people, but the second method is practically foolproof. Strip all but one leaf off of the cutting, being careful to avoid touching the sap, as it will ooze from each leaf node. While you wait for the sap to stop discharging, prepare a 6- to 8-inch pot with one part each of potting soil, sand, and peat moss, and moisten throughout. Press the cutting into the soil loosely, no more than one to two inches deep, and wrap the cutting and the pot with a clear plastic bag.
Place the cutting in a sunny place, but out of direct sunlight, and maintain humidity. Once the roots have begun to sprout and you observe buds forming at the nodes, you can transplant the cutting to a new to inch pot with a blend of one part each potting soil and peat moss or coconut coir. Seat the rooted cutting so the top of the roots sit just below rim level.
This will allow for aeration and helps to prevent smothering. Be sure that the pot you choose has adequate drainage; clay pots work best for rubber trees to allow for transpiration. This process takes a little time, but it produces a plant with a stronger root system, grown while it is still attached to the parent.
To begin, choose a healthy branch that is 10 to 12 inches in length with at least a few leaves present. Locate a place between two leaf nodes where you plan to detach the new plant from the parent after the roots have formed. On this part of the branch, use a sharp knife to cut just the bark away between the nodes, cutting all the way around the perimeter of the branch.
After this section of bark is removed, wait for the sap to stop bleeding. Dust the exposed xylem with rooting hormone powder. For the next step, use a handful of sphagnum moss or coconut coir and wet it until it is damp. After wrapping the branch, you can use a piece of plastic such as cling wrap or a plastic bag to tie around the moss, sealing in the moisture.
Both ends can be closed using twist ties so you can easily access the moss to check for dampness and watch for root growth. Open the plastic every few days and check that the medium feels damp. If it feels dry, you can squirt a few eyedroppers full of water onto the medium to moisten it, and then close the plastic back up. Typically, it can take two to four weeks for roots to develop using this method. Once a small root ball has formed, use a sharp knife or pruning shears to cut the branch free from the parent.
Prepare a to inch pot that has good drainage with one part each of potting soil and peat moss or coconut coir, and pot the entire root ball of the plant to just below the rim, watering thoroughly to settle. Rubber tree is a low maintenance, robust plant that can survive quite a bit of neglect.
Its large, waxy leaves retain water well, and in the winter months when the plant is dormant, it needs little water. The spring and summer months are when the most growth will happen, and the plant will need more water, along with more sunlight. Avoid placing it in direct sunlight. However, if you notice that the leaves are wilting or discolored, or if the plant appears leggy, more sun may correct the issue.
Be sure that you do not overwater your rubber tree. Too much water can lead to root rot, dropping or drooping leaves, and poor growth. A liquid fertilizer for tropical plants can be added in spring or summer if needed, according to package directions. Roots that are growing at the soil surface may branch and curl to the edge of the pot in a process known as girdling , and you may notice some discoloration of foliage or leaf drop.
If the pot has large drainage holes, you may be able to see visible roots that have become compacted there as well. One way to check for proper spacing is to remove the plant from the pot and observe whether the roots have become bound, or tightly constricted, in the form of the pot. Add a layer of the same soil and moss or coir mixture at the bottom, leaving space for the root system of the plant so the top of the roots will be positioned near the level of the rim.
Use your fingers to gently press downward on the girdled roots from the bottom up, so they separate a bit. At the very least, the top couple of inches of soil can be removed and replaced with new soil or compost, to add nutrients to the pot once every one to two years.
Because the leaves of this tree are so large, they play an important part in maintaining moisture levels. Increasing humidity to mimic the native tropical environment that these trees originated from can improve plant health.
To do this, mist the leaves a couple of times per month, especially in the winter when indoor heating can create dry air.
Since misting can be messy, you may opt to wipe the leaves with a damp cloth instead. This added moisture can keep leaves healthy and glossy, and maintain moisture levels. This is also a good opportunity to remove dust that has collected on leaves, and prune away any dead or dying foliage. Some outdoor specimens in sub-tropical and tropical climates can grow more than two feet per year, and have been measured at over feet in height, with a sprawling habit.
Plant the tree in an area where it receives indirect sunlight and adequate water, with good drainage. Avoid planting rubber trees near sidewalks or foundations, as their strong roots can damage both. Controlling growth is important for a rubber tree, whether growing indoors or outdoors, as these can become large and dense in ideal growing conditions. During the spring and summer, these trees can grow as much as 24 inches, so pruning to maintain their shape and size is necessary. Bear in mind that cutting the top of the tree will trigger outward growth, so only do this if the height is becoming an issue, and be sure to monitor unwanted branching and sprawling out.
Any time you plan to puncture the bark of the rubber tree, be sure to have a rag handy to control the sap that bleeds out, especially if yours is growing indoors as a houseplant. The sap is thick and sticky, and it can stain skin, clothing, floors — pretty much anything it comes into contact with. You may want to move the plant outdoors or spread a tarp under it before you begin.
Use a sharp tool, such as clean pruning shears or a garden knife , and cut just enough of the branch to maintain its shape and size. Cutting more than is necessary can cause shock and trigger leaf drop, or even kill the plant. After pruning, continue to observe the plant for several minutes, as it can take some time for the sap to stop flowing, and clean up as needed.
There are a number of stunningly unique varieties of rubber tree to choose from, any of which are suitable for container growing indoors. Its form and coloration are most commonly replicated in artificial rubber tree plants, with green and white variegated leaves shot through with red midribs. Plants are available from Amazon. It has leaves that feature shades of creamy white, bright green, army gray, and yellow, mottled together with stunning pink margins.
This variety is most closely related to the true species plant that grows natively in Asia and Indonesia. The leaves are waxy, wide, and bright green to deep green in color. The structure and color of this cultivar is perfect for adding a tropical touch to the home. The leaves are oblong and glossy, with a deep green to burgundy upper side, and a pink to deep burgundy lower side.
The branches and trunk of this variety can be a shocking bright green, maturing to a deeper green or brown. New growth is sheathed in bright scarlet red.
As this plant matures, the coloration leans more toward green and cream, with wide, glossy leaves. Even the healthiest, most robust plants can fall victim to infestation and disease from time to time. Fortunately, these conditions are relatively uncommon in rubber trees, and can usually be treated easily if they do occur.
Growing plants indoors reduces or eliminates the threat of damage from foraging animals — with the exception of the adventurous, whiskered house pet. A healthy rubber tree is resistant to infestation, but be mindful and keep an eye out for signs that you have unwelcome guests.
Aphids are one of the most annoying pests for any plant owner because they are indiscriminate, puncturing leaves and sucking sap in surprisingly large amounts until plants have wilted and become stunted. There are many species of aphid, and they can range in color from bright yellow to pale green, and even white.
How to Care for and Grow Your Pink Rubber Tree
Want an easy-care indoor tree with large, glossy leaves? These Rubber Plant care and growing tips will keep yours looking great. After spending quite a few years in the interiorscaping biz, I found the Rubber Plant to be the easiest of the ficus trifecta which includes the Fiddleaf Fig and Ficus Benjamina to maintain and keep alive. The Ficus lyrata, or Fiddleleaf Fig, is revered in the groovy design world but we know many find it a challenge to grow. Rubber Plants are usually sold as floor plants.
rubber plant ; Pot cover: choose an 18cm pot cover to give a good fit over the pot ; Home care: These are easy plants to care for as long as you are careful with.
How to grow rubber plant
The rubber plant, Ficus elastica , is named after the rubbery white latex that runs through its stems and branches, and which was once used to make rubber. It has wide, glossy leaves. Grow your rubber plant in bright but indirect light and water only when the top two inches of the compost have dried out. In drier rooms, mist regularly to increase humidity around the plant, and dust or wipe the leaves to ensure they can photosynthesise properly. In spring and summer, it will benefit from a monthly liquid feed. Rubber plants do best in rooms with medium light levels, so not too close to a window or too far from it, and with a good level of humidity. A bathroom or kitchen makes a fine humid spot for it, but if you grow yours in a living room or bedroom, make sure you mist the leaves regularly or stand the pot on a tray of moist pebbles, to increase humidity.
Types of Rubber Plants – How to Care For Rubber Tree Varieties
Its gorgeous, uniformly large, waxy leaves and amazing colors — variegated green and white, burgundy, nearly black — will beckon you to touch them. We link to vendors to help you find relevant products. If you buy from one of our links, we may earn a commission. Rubber tree is in the Moraceae family, and belongs to the Ficus genus, also known as the fig-bearers. Somehow, they manage to be beautiful, tough, and graceful, all at the same time.
A gorgeous variegated version of the burgundy Rubber Tree, the strawberry-colored leaves of the Pink Rubber Tree make this plant a unique addition to any indoor space. But like so many variegated plants, the Pink Rubber Tree can be slightly more sensitive and requires the right balance of light and humidity to thrive.
How to Take Care of a Rubber Tree
Ficus elastica , the rubber fig , rubber bush , rubber tree , rubber plant , or Indian rubber bush , Indian rubber tree , is a species of flowering plant in the family Moraceae , native to eastern parts of South Asia and southeast Asia. It is a large tree in the banyan group of figs, growing to 30—40 m — ft — rarely up to 60 m or ft — tall, with a stout trunk up to 2 m 6 ft 7 in in diameter. The trunk develops aerial and buttressing roots to anchor it in the soil and help support heavy branches. The leaves develop inside a sheath at the apical meristem , which grows larger as the new leaf develops. When it is mature, it unfurls and the sheath drops off the plant.
Ficus elastica (Rubber Plant / Rubber Tree)
The plant is botanically known as Allamanda cathartica "Cherries Jubilee". It produces trumpet-shaped, pink flowers. The plant can grow into a large vine and needs a support for it to climb on. It requires full sun and well-drained soil to thrive and is propagated from stem-cuttings. It is grown mainly as a medicinal plant and whorls of its dried stems are sold in some wet markets.
Rubber Plants are a popular houseplant choice due to their ease of care, attractive foliage and tree-like presence. Uses. Perfect for all kinds of containers.
The Rubber Plant, Ficus elastica , is one awesome plant for the indoors. Not only is it super popular and can be found at many of the mainstream gardening centers, but it has also gained this popularity for being showy and relatively easy to care for! But the big question is, how do you take care of it? No one wants to spend money on a beautiful plant, just to see it die within a month.RELATED VIDEO: Loving Your Rubber Plant - The Plant Doctor
Peperomia obtusifolia is commonly known as the American rubber plant, baby rubber plant and pepper face plant that's from a large genus of over a species and many cultivars of the Peperomia. Native to South America, the Peperomia obtusifolia is a perennial flowering epiphyte plant species. In its natural habitat it grows within high humidity forest areas making use of the nutrients provided from tree debris and the natural tropical environment. There are a number of cultivars including the dark green leaved, variegated and the Peperomia obtusifolia 'Albomarginata' that displays yellowy gold and green patched leaves.
Sudden changes in temperature and light may cause it to drop leaves, although it is not as fussy as its cousin, the weeping fig or Ficus benjamina.
Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Because of its large, glossy, tropical-looking leaves and ease of growth, rubber tree Ficus elastica is a popular houseplant that grows 2 to 10 feet tall indoors. It's hardy in U. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 through 12, where rubber tree usually grows between 25 and 30 feet high and wide outdoors. Outside of the tropics it rarely blooms or forms fruit. A number of cultivars with different leaf colors are available.
For many years, the Rubber plant, also known as Ficus elastica , has been making it to the top chart list of hardy and fit as a fiddle houseplants across many gardening stores. Most Rubber plants are usually variegated so you have a couple of options to choose from. What will make you so obsessed over the Ficus elastica, to be precise, is its aptitude to handle neglect and stay indoors for decades.